The two sinful cities, as well as three others of the plain, … They were located in a fertile valley, south of the Dead Sea, which in modern times is partially covered with water. [43], In 1976, Giovanni Pettinato claimed that a cuneiform tablet that had been found in the newly discovered library at Ebla contained the names of all five of the cities of the plain (Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, Zeboim, and Bela), listed in the same order as in Genesis. Truth Meetings Board. Answer: The biblical account of Sodom and Gomorrah is recorded in Genesis chapters 18-19. Just the fact that one person sold and the other bought is good. A proper (feminine) noun derived from this verb would mean something like Tyrannical Dealings. A pinch of Lurianic Kabbalah could help us here. The tide turns when Lot's uncle, Abraham, gathers an elite force that slaughters the hosts of Chedorlaomer in Hobah, north of Damascus, freeing the cities of the plain from the grip of Elam. One such idea is that the Dead Sea was devastated by an earthquake between 2100 and 1900 BCE. God destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah because of their grievous sins along with other towns in the plain of the Jordan, except Zoar. Old Testament. In Genesis 18:20, God told Abraham “the outcry against Sodom and Gomorrah is great and their sin is very grave,” but God did not say what their grave sin was. Jeremiah 23:14, Jeremiah 49:17–18, Jeremiah 50:39–40 and Lamentations 4:6 associate Sodom and Gomorrah with adultery and lies, prophesy the fate of Edom (south of the Dead Sea), predict the fate of Babylon and use Sodom as a comparison. Rather, the Talmud uses the term midat S’dom (roughly translated as “a Sodomite attitude”) to describe an extreme form of isolationism. Certainly there were many detestable sins in Sodom and her daughter cities. Yada is used to refer to sexual intercourse in various instances, such as in Genesis 4:1 between Adam and Eve: And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain, and said, I have gotten a man from the LORD.—Genesis 4:1, Some Hebrew scholars believe that yada, unlike the English word "know", requires the existence of a "personal and intimate relationship". The verses cited by Michaelson include Jeremiah 23:14,[Jeremiah 23:14] where the sins of Jerusalem are compared to Sodom and are listed as adultery, lying, and strengthening the hands of evildoers; Amos 4:1–11 (oppressing the poor and crushing the needy);[Amos 4:1–11] and Ezekiel 16:49–50,[Ezekiel 16:49–50] which defines the sins of Sodom as "pride, fullness of bread, and abundance of idleness was in her and in her daughters, neither did she strengthen the hand of the poor and needy. The nonsexual view focuses on the cultural importance of hospitality, which this biblical story shares with other ancient civilizations, such as Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome, where hospitality was of singular importance and strangers were under the protection of the gods. Here’s the answer. [] The Pentapolis region is also collectively referred to as "the Cities of the Plain" [] since they were all situated on the plain of the River Jordan, in an area that constituted the southern limit of the lands of the Canaanites The fate of Sodom and Gomorrah is used as a warning to those who reject the gospel (Matthew 10:15; 11:24; 2 Peter 2:6; Jude 1:7). One person may be richly steeped in abstract knowledge but poor in application, while another does not fare well in abstractions but has a knack for putting ideas to work. Verily I say unto you, It shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah in the day of judgement, than for that city.". The sin of Sodom and Gomorrah wasn't independence and isolationism, it was extreme wickedness. Indeed, this seems to be a law that lies at the very foundation of the universe. (NRSV: know them, NIV: can have sex with them, NJB: can have intercourse with them). In the Septuagint, these became Σόδομα (Sódoma) and Γόμορρᾰ (Gómorrha; the Hebrew ghayn was absorbed by ayin sometime after the Septuagint was transcribed, it is still pronounced as a voiced uvular fricative in Mizrahi, which is rendered in Greek by a gamma, a voiced velar stop). The souls of the people of Sodom originated from the realm of Tohu. Other instances are strewn throughout the Talmud and also discussed in later halachic works. Mesopotamia and the Bible: Comparative Explorations. Sodom and Gomorrah, notoriously sinful cities in the book of Genesis, destroyed by ‘sulfur and fire’ because of their wickedness (Genesis 19:24). Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. In both stories, an inhospitable mob demands the homosexual rape of a foreigner or foreigners. The most recent surveys suggested that the visible structures of the walled site belonged to the Iron Age or Roman period." 1:6), and that the apocryphal Second Book of Enoch condemns "sodomitic" sex (2 Enoch 10:3; 34:1),[68] thus indicating that homosexual relations was the prevalent physical sin of Sodom. “Acquire yourself a friend!” our sages taught.19 People ask, “Why use the word acquire? This might have unleashed showers of steaming tar. Mishneh Torah (Maimonides), Laws of Kings, chapter 12, halachah 5. But that was okay, because it rapidly erupted on its own. You may have heard of the Pauli exclusion principle, that no two particles in the universe can be in precisely the same state—because if this principle were violated, there would be nothing to prevent the entire universe from collapsing upon itself (am I the only one who hears. The Meaning of Sodom and Gomorrah by Nate Oman • March 1, 2004 • 17 Comments There is an interesting exchange over at The Metaphysical Elders between The Historian and The Lawyer over the proper interpretation of the story of Sodom and Gomorrah. Gomorrah was a biblical place always associated with Sodom. When the world was created, as Genesis says,6 it was at first “tohu.” Tohu is generally translated as “chaos.” Rabbi Isaac Luria, however, describes tohu as a state of isolated ideals.7. [53], Jon D. Levenson views a rabbinic tradition described in the Mishnah as postulating that the sin of Sodom was a violation of conventional hospitality in addition to homosexual conduct, describing Sodom's lack of generosity with the saying, "What is mine is mine; what is yours is yours" (m. Avot 5.10). The biblical text. Joe is infected with a Sodomite attitude. : 2 Peter 6-8: Peter mentions that God destroyed the adults and children of Sodom because the former were ungodly, unprincipled and lawless. That explains why they were isolationists—neither wishing to benefit anyone nor to receive from one anyone. The sin of sodomy was an offense against nature frequently connected with idolatrous practices (see Rawlinson, History of Phoenicia). Tall el-Hammam is located in the southern Jordan river valley approximately 14 kilometres (9 mi) northeast of the Dead Sea, and according to Collins fits the biblical descriptions of the lands of Sodom. See also deadly sin. https://www.chabad.org/tools/subscribe/email/view_cdo/i/8A35D917402345A2:48CBD0CC6924F227D279684953AEB9BCA9060B3E8F11047492359F87A89E7480#utm_medium=email&utm_source=6_essay_en&utm_campaign=en&utm_content=header, The Do’s and Don’ts of Talking to Converts. The cities of the plain take heavy losses and are defeated. Together with Sodom, the cities became infamous because of the way in which they were destroyed. Therefore I did away with them as you have seen. [13], The etymology of both names is uncertain, and scholars disagree about them. or Gomorrha (ɡəˈmɒrə ) noun. After all, G‑d destroyed them with fire and brimstone. The New Testament also contains passages of parallels to the destruction and surrounding events that pertained to these cities and those who were involved. Michaelson uses toevah in place of abomination to emphasize the original Hebrew, which he explains as being more correctly translated as "taboo". , both the old and New Testaments and the surrounding towns gave … the of... Away with them, NJB: can have sex with them, NJB can... The places where the two cities for refuge were similarly mistreated Genesis, notorious for vice and.... 26–27,29,30 ; 20:13 ; Dt the worst business you could be in the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church, ``... 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